42-WW1 AND 1929 CRASH

In 1913, with the U.S. Federal Reserve fiat dollar in the bag, the City decided to get rid of what was left of the Ancien Regime countries around the world, the Holy Germanic Empire being the center piece in Europe. It was the official launch of globalization. The idea was to create grandiose market economies just like that of the U.S.A. It had been relatively easy in the case of the USA, for it was built on virgin land where a few gentle animists roamed, but in the case of Europe, a built-up hodgepodge of old countries with unique cultures, old money, and long-standing traditions, it was indeed a different kettle of fish. But if globalization was to be, the first step was to transform the autocracies run by tsars, kaisers, kings, warlords, and sultans into democracies. Faced with the complex situation in Europe, the City bankers had no choice but to bulldoze the whole lot and start from scratch.

The three Gorgon sisters, the Reuters, AP and AFP news agencies, used the most basic kind of propaganda to work the nations of the world into a frenzied, anti-German mood. We don’t know when the phrase ‘the war to end all wars’ hit the wires, and we don’t know who was first to utter it, but we do know it was repeated time and time again until it became a war cry around the world. Any good propagandist will agree that once such a phrase is rooted in the popular psyche, very few citizens will dare speak out against it, for war and patriotism are concepts that work well together. Later, when it came time for the USA to go to war, President Wilson even created the Committee on Public Information (CPI), an official propaganda and censorship agency.

Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated on June 28, 1914, and without the least indication that Serbia was responsible for the assassination, Emperor Franz Joseph declared war on Serbia on July 28th. On August 4th, the United Kingdom declared war on Germany and by August 12th all the major powers were at war and the first major engagement of WWI, which took the lives of 27,000 French troops, occurred on August 22, 1914. That means that in less than eight weeks after the assassination, all countries had declared war on each other and blood had started flowing. Normally, diplomats talk, gesture, threaten, and make attempts at compromise, especially when dealing with such a banal, international incident. So, if events unfolded so quickly at a time when communications were in their infancy, it can only mean that the City had, in anticipation of the moment, let huge amounts of credit flow to the arms industries of the concerned European countries. War is definitely City business, and since Napoleon, the latter has had a lot of success in getting the desired results by financing warring parties on all sides.

Though a lot of sane people violently opposed the war, the wires kept spewing out the “war to end all wars” propaganda to the point where it became unsafe to challenge it. Almost twenty million people were killed because an unknown duke was assassinated by an unknown anarchist, the international scare word in vogue at the time. All the great statesmen of the world went berserk and made the worst kinds of decisions with lightning speed and on cue. WWI was indeed well-planned.

In 1914, Germany, not known to be a great, seafaring nation, became the new mistress of the seas overnight. It produced submarines like bratwurst and controlled the North Atlantic shipping lanes by sinking everything in sight. Germany somehow overpowered both the English and American navies, the two greatest navies of the times. But when Germany sank the Lusitania in 1915, the American cry for retaliation grew louder. That’s when President Wilson created his propaganda machine, the CPI. The City was ready to have America join the fray.

WWI was played out like a chess game in which the City moved the pieces on both sides of the board like it had with Wellington and Napoleon, and with the North and South during the American Civil War. However, in this case, something went terribly wrong and WWI had to be stopped. It came to an abrupt end in the same manner it had started. When, in October 1918, the Americans and their allies breached the Siegfried Line, which is in France, not Germany, the Germans stopped fighting. The Central Powers just rolled over and immediately signed the Armistice on November 11th, 1918. The Allies didn’t even push the invaders back into Germany. The victorious Allies just seemed to say, “okay, guys, it’s over, you can go home now.”

However, if we look at it more closely, it was a very different story. By the time the Armistice was signed, the Tsar had been executed and the Bolsheviks had taken over, and that meant that the Russian Empire no longer existed. It also meant the City had total control over the Urals gold and the Baku oil. As for the Austro-Hungarian and Ottoman Empires, they had been on life support before the war and after being battered about by the Italians, Russians, and British, they just broke into pieces. Moreover, since the British had established a strong military presence in Baghdad, Jerusalem, and Cairo, the whole Middle East oil patch was under lock and key. But the goal had not been entirely achieved, for the Holy Germanic Empire was still standing. WWI was not a success, far from it, and we’ll see why the City bankers had to take another kick at the can in 1939.

Not surprisingly, the City took advantage of the twenty-year pause between the two World Wars to advance its agenda and perpetrate the 1929 market crash. Like in all market manipulations, the City bankers made all the wrong decisions in order to create a major market bubble, and when they felt the time was right, they burst it and pretended to fix things by again making all the wrong decisions. The 1929 financial tsunami was really about destroying the British pound as a world reserve currency and crowning the dollar. As of 1913, the City had two major world currencies on hand, and one had to go. It came as no surprise when the dollar was chosen as the world fiat reserve currency in Bretton Woods in 1944.

After WWI, America was the greatest market economy in the world and most of Europe, especially Britain, overtly started buying into the American dream. As UK gold purportedly flowed into the US, the market bubble grew, and when it burst, the world was told that the English gold reserves were depleted. In reality, since the City controlled both countries’ monetary systems, physical gold didn’t have to be moved, it only had to appear to do so. Everyone could see that England was investing heavily in America, and after the crash, the three Gorgon Sisters simply told the world that the pound was no longer adequately backed by gold, and confidence in the hallowed currency eroded. It was a rather easy tour de main, for the City and the FED have never been audited by an independent external accounting firm.

At the end of the day, the Market Crash of 1929 had been a Machiavellian way of establishing international dollar supremacy by making it appear to be the result of legitimate business transactions in a free-market economy. The City depends on the democratic process for its very survival and it must nurture the illusion of empowerment among the people. Smoke and mirror tactics are therefore used. The only question we mere mortals need to ask is whether the number of casualties caused by the French Revolution, the American Civil War, WWI, the Great Crash, and WWII, was a warranted price to pay for the world we enjoy today.

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38-CITY OF LIGHTS

In France, in 1804, when the Civil Code was rammed through, non-elected Prefects answered directly to the central authority in Paris and ran their departments with the help of the dreaded Fouché police. After Napoleon was sent to St. Helens, Nathan in the City had taken a wait and see attitude in order to determine whether or not a constitutional monarchy was possible for France. Louis XVIII had a go at it, followed by Charles X and Louis-Philippe d’Orléans. Those three monarchies created a lot of turmoil, especially the one headed by Louis-Philippe. When Nathan died in 1836, France was still being plagued by insurrections, and his son Lionel decided to put the French constitutional monarchy matter to rest. Putting a stop to so much unrest in a country Mayer’s family loved, and to which his dynasty was so beholding, was the only decent thing to do. Lionel decided to turn Paris into the City of Lights, and give France stability by enshrining the centralist state put in place by Napoleon.

The 500 tons of gold sent as an aid package to America in 1768 had been used by Mayer to open the Bank of North America, and the roughly 5000 tons of French gold generated by the real estate scam in 1789 and stored in the Goldsmid Bros. vaults in the City, had been used by Nathan to take over the Bank of England. Lionel, as head of the family dynasty, controlled the monetary systems of America, England and most of Europe, and he personally wanted to do something for France. This country had given a lot to his family and the world, and yet had been devastated just because it happened to be the cornerstone of the Holy Roman Empire. Things had to be put right.

Adolphe Thiers was an active French political figure from 1825 to 1875, and no doubt worked for the City from the very beginning. After helping to bring down Charles X in 1830, he supported the Orléanist Louis-Philippe and had him elected with Lafayette’s help. The third attempt at Constitutional Monarchy failed miserably, and seeing the insurrections continue, Lionel decided that enough was enough. In 1840, he had Thiers build his infamous wall, and in 1848, he had him support Louis-Napoleon, a Bonapartist, who was easily elected with the help of Victor Hugo.

As of 1840, mindboggling amounts of credit were made available to Thiers to get a wall built around Paris. In 1844, Adolphe Thiers and Baron Haussmann, the Paris Prefect, started levelling whole sections of the city to make wide avenues that would, among other things, facilitate the movement of troops within the city. It included the demolition of crowded and unhealthy medieval neighborhoods, the building of wide avenues, parks and squares, the annexation of the suburbs surrounding Paris, the construction of new sewers, fountains and aqueducts, and row upon row of the most beautifully designed residential buildings in the world. Since gas used for street lighting was now accessible throughout the city, Paris became known as the City of Lights. One could ask, however, why they had surrounded Paris with an impregnable thirty-three-kilometer wall bordered by a 250 meter strip of no-man’s land defended by sixteen fort cities that were part of that wall?

It obviously meant there was a bigger Machiavellian plan. In fact, as beautiful as Paris had become, the fortifications had turned Paris into a fishbowl that was meant to contain the Fédérés. When the time came, they would round up the Fédérés and their families and send them into exile to New Caledonia, thereby removing a major political obstructionist force. Although the Fédérés were true democrats like none before or since, and as appealing as democracy is in theory, pure is not possible. Human nature simply won’t allow it. The only type of democracy possible is one where the monetary system is run by the City.

If France was to be stabilized, the Royalists, the Fédérés and the Republicans had to be dealt with and put under one administrative roof. The period from 1789 to 1840 had proven that the three groups would never achieve this on their own. The only solution was to enforce the centralist state concept that Napoleon had obligingly put in place in 1804, and have the population elect a new president in rotating fashion for a determined period.

So, when the City of Lights was more or less completed in 1870, it was time to get rid of the Fédérés. Louis-Napoleon made the most stupid decision imaginable by declaring war on Prussia over an insignificant diplomatic incident. Even more bizarre, he wasn’t the one who attacked Bismarck, it was Bismarck who attacked him. After the preordained defeat, Louis-Napoleon fled the country, and Thiers, the self-proclaimed head of government, transferred his whole administration to Versailles, and surprisingly came up with the colossal sum of money needed to buy back the 100,000 French prisoners from Bismarck. Surprisingly, it wasn’t Bismarck who marched on Paris, it was Thiers with the recently purchased prisoners. The idea was to surround and imprison the Fédérés before sending them off into exile, but things didn’t work out as planned. The Commune put up too strong a resistance, and Thiers felt the need to commit the worst atrocities. Tens of thousands of Fédérés, including women and children, were executed, while perhaps twice as many were imprisoned under atrocious conditions and died. Thiers did succeed in exiling thousands of Fédérés to New Caledonia, and although it marked the end of the Fédérés, the Paris Commune remains one of the worst blood baths in history.

On January 3rd, 1875, Henri Wallon tabled an amendment proposing that the President of the Republic be elected by an absolute majority in both the Senate and the House of Representatives for a renewable seven-year period. It became known as the Constitutional Laws of 1875 which officially turned France into a centralist state. Thiers, who had been chosen as the 1st President, conveniently resigned, and Patrice MacMahon, a catholic aristocrat who was neither monarchist nor republican, was elected to succeed him. The wall that had cost countless billions to build was torn down, and the Stockholm syndrome kicked in. The French have since put their trust in one man, their President. They trust l’État more than they do their fellow citizens, and not surprisingly, the people’s Assembly is full of duly-elected mayors and regional presidents, all bona fide civil servants who answer to their Prefect, who in turn answers directly to the President. They elect a president, a “father knows best” figure, and he somehow becomes l’État.

33-MASS COMMUNICATION

 

Our world, the western world, started when the Jews and Huguenots, the enemies of the Holy Roman Empire, created democracy in England in 1689. After getting a foothold in Amsterdam in 1602, they were extremely successful running the Dutch East India Company and eventually set up their headquarters in the City, in London. In 1688, the bankers were finally able to finance the election of the people’s representatives and give them a proper parliament. Democracy as it became known, was a win-win situation for all. Parliamentarians were forever asking the bankers for loans, and in wanting to safeguard this great source of credit, the politicians made sure they collected taxes in order to pay back the loans, or at least the interest. The bankers were sure of having their loans repaid for the first time in their history and they invested in research and development at a frenzied pace.

At first, there was no infrastructure, and communication was limited to the printed page. The printing press had been invented by Johannes Gutenberg in 1440, but the rotary press did not see the day until 1846. The Industrial Revolution was slow in getting going, but it got in gear when, in 1765, James Watt invented a converter for the world’s first steam cylinder and piston engine that had been invented by Denis Papin, a Huguenot from Hesse, in 1690. As of 1765, the Industrial Revolution had a full head of steam so to speak. Manufacturing goods and mining with steam power, and transporting those merchandises along roads and canals became commonplace. Other major inventions like Eli Whitney’s cotton gin in 1793, Elias Howe’s sewing machine with interchangeable parts in 1846, and Henry Bessemer’s steelmaking process in 1857 contributed to the production of goods, but the concept of globalization envisaged by Nathan in the City in 1810, and by his father before him, depended entirely on communications.

Nicephore Niepce created photography in 1820, Samuel Morse the telegraph in 1844, Charles Havas, Paul Reuter and Bernhard Wolf, news agencies in 1845, and from there, communications increased exponentially. When Bessemer invented his steelmaking process in 1857, railroad tracks were finally cast in a durable material and the construction of railroads mushroomed. Then came Graham Bell with the telephone in 1876, Thomas Edison with the light bulb in 1879, and Nikola Tesla with the a/c induction motor in 1887. However, when George Westinghouse bought Tesla’s patent and triumphed over Edison with his a/c current distribution system in 1891, that changed the industrial world as well as people’s lives.

As research and development continued to receive astounding amounts of credit, images and voices started travelling through the air over long distances. Reginald Aubrey Fessenden transmitted the human voice without wires in 1900, and Hollywood started producing films that seduced the whole world as early as 1910. After Henry Ford got the combustion engine rolling with his Model-T, and the Wright Bros. got it flying in 1903, films made in America, the dream nation, were seen around the world. Although images started travelling through the air with TV in 1926, it was the talking colour film introduced in 1930 that entrenched the ‘image is the message’ concept imagined by Marshall McLuhan. When the first computer and its mouse arrived in 1976, and especially when Tim Berners-Lee’s World Wide Web came along in 1990, we became information addicts. But it was the smartphone in 1993 that captivated our total attention and hardwired us to the news agencies, transforming us into smombies in the process. It took 3 million years to get to steam energy, but it took a mere 225 years more to get the whole world connected.

Hollywood was a good example of how research and development money gets things done. In the early 1900s, filmmakers, almost exclusively Jewish, began moving to California. The idea was to create the film industry in an unreachable place where they would be free to use with impunity the usurped patents owned by Thomas Edison and Eastman Kodak of New Jersey . If an agent from New Jersey came out west to sue them, all the filmmakers had to do was make a quick temporary escape to Mexico. There was really not much Thomas Edison or George Eastman could do in order to protect their patents.

The first film, ‘In old California’, was produced in 1910. From there, the Laemmle’s, the Zukor’s, the Frohman’s, the Lasky’s, the Goldfish’s, the Abrams’, the Warner’s, the DeMille’s, the Cohn’s, the Selznick’s, the Sarnoff’s, the Zanuck’s, the Loew’s and the Mayer’s, all friends of the City banking dynasty, made the industry prosper with lightning speed. The radio and film industries launched the 20th century into the realm of globalization, and in the blink of an eye, television, computers, mobile phones and airplanes turned us into world citizens.

32-WATERLOO 1815

When Napoleon returned from Russia, Nathan decided it was time to get rid of him. Nathan financed all the warring factions, not only Napoleon’s Army, but that of Austria, Prussia, Russia and England. Since the days of Aboukir, financing all sides continued to be a way of getting the desired results. Napoleon suffered defeat upon defeat, and after his encounters with Wellington in Spain, he was forced out of the Iberian Peninsula. He had by then lost most of his power. He signed the Treaty of Fontainebleau on April 11, 1814, abdicating in the process, and was sent to the Island of Elba.

However, something very odd happened on February 26, 1815. In wanting to completely uproot Napoleon’s dynasty by destroying what was left of the Imperial Army, Nathan probably arranged to have him escape from Elba and have him march on Paris. As the British guard ships looked the other way, Napoleon slipped away from Portoferraio on board the warship Inconstant with some 1,000 men, and landed between Cannes and Antibes on March 1. He knew that Royalist Provence would not be very friendly to him, and so, he avoided Provence by taking a route through the Alps.

Without firing a single shot, he marched unimpeded in a country in which he was reviled, and his troop numbers swelled until they became an army. On March 5, the Royalist 5th Infantry Regiment at Grenoble went over to Napoleon en masse. The next day they were joined by the 7th Infantry Regiment under its colonel, Charles de la Bédoyère, who would later be executed for treason by the Bourbons. An old anecdote illustrates Napoleon’s charisma. When Royalist troops deployed to stop the march of Napoleon’s force at Grenoble, Napoleon stepped out in front of them, ripped open his coat and said “If any of you will shoot his Emperor, here I am.” The men acclaimed him as they had when he had first gone to Italy.

Marshal Ney, a military commander under Louis XVIII, was heard to say that Napoleon should be brought to Paris in an iron cage, but on March 14, that same Ney rejoined his old comrade in arms with 6,000 men. Five days later, after making his way northward, promising constitutional reform and an elected assembly, Napoleon entered the capital to the acclaim of the crowds.

In the meantime, the Coalition countries met in Vienna and declared Napoleon an outlaw as they each pledged 150 000 men to defeat him. Unruffled, Napoleon decided to take the offensive by going after the weakest army, that of Wellington, which had marched into Belgium. Because English troops were still committed to the War of 1812 in America, Wellington didn’t have what could be called an elite army.

The Duke of Wellington with 110,000 men, and Prussia’s Field Marshal Blucher with 120,000 men were the only two armies close enough to threaten France, and so Napoleon decided to strike before the Russians and the Austrians arrived. Moving with stunning speed, he invaded Belgium with 125,000 men in a bid to split Wellington and Blucher’s armies, and defeat each separately.

Marshal Grouchy went to meet Wellington’s army while Napoleon defeated the Prussians. Then, with the Prussians on the run, Napoleon decided to personally go after Wellington to the north. Marshal Grouchy was to make sure the defeated Prussians to the east would not come back and join up with Wellington. However, it took more time than expected for Napoleon to drive through Wellington’s defenses, and surprisingly, Marshal Grouchy was unable to hold back the defeated Prussians. When Blucher’s forces joined up with those of Wellington, Napoleon didn’t have a chance. It marked the end of the Battle of Waterloo.

Nathan had put a formidable communications network in place, and on the day the battle, he was in London waiting for the official results of the battle. Even though Nathan was financing all the armies and knew that Napoleon didn’t have a chance, he wanted, nonetheless, to be absolutely sure before putting his devilish stock exchange swindle in motion. Nathan held a good portion of the 300 million pounds’ worth of Consols, the debt England had consolidated in funded government securities that were traded on the London Stock Exchange, but he wanted to own it all. As soon as the battle outcome was confirmed by his personal couriers who had waited for the carrier pigeons to arrive, and who had then rushed to the London Stock Exchange to inform the great man, Nathan started dumping all the Consols that he owned, making sure all the traders saw what he was doing. In no time at all, convinced that Nathan knew something they didn’t, the traders started dumping their Consols until the price of Consols dropped to ten percent of their value. When Nathan gave the signal, his aides bought back all the Consols as fast as they could. When the outcome of the battle was made public a short time later, and when everybody realized it had been Wellington, and not Napoleon, who had won, the price of Consols skyrocketed past their original high, and in a single day, Nathan had taken charge of the entire English debt and consolidated his control over the Bank of England.

Napoleon was exiled to St. Helens, and Louis XVIII was encouraged to try and establish a French constitutional monarchy. But the Catholic power machine was still too strong, and Louis XVIII was removed from power before the Absolute Kings of Divine Right got too deeply implanted. There would be two more tries at establishing an English style monarchy, in 1830 and 1848, but they would both fail for the same reasons, and around 1850, Lionel, Nathan’s son, decided that enough was enough. Paris, the center of power, would be transformed into the City of Lights, and France would return to being a republic as established under Napoleon, the only difference being that the Emperor would now be an elected President.