36-BATTLE OF WATERLOO

When Napoleon returned from Russia, Nathan decided it was time to get rid of him. Nathan financed the armies of Austria, Prussia, Russia and England on the one hand and Napoleon’s Imperial Army on the other. Napoleon suffered defeat upon defeat, and after his encounters with Wellington in Spain, he was forced out of the Iberian Peninsula. Defeated, he signed the Treaty of Fontainebleau on April 11, 1814, abdicating in the process, and was exiled to the Island of Elba.

However, something very odd happened on February 26, 1815. In wanting to completely uproot Napoleon’s personal empire and destroy what was left of the Imperial Army in order to create, or at least try to create, a French constitutional monarchy, Nathan probably arranged to have him escape from Elba. As the British guard ships looked the other way, Napoleon slipped away from Portoferraio on board the French warship Inconstant with some 1,000 men and landed between Cannes and Antibes on March 1. He knew that Royalist Provence was not very friendly to him, and so, he avoided Provence by taking a route through the Alps on his way to Paris.

Surprisingly, without firing a single shot, he marched unimpeded in a country in which he was reviled, and his troop numbers swelled until they became an army. On March 5, the Royalist 5th Infantry Regiment at Grenoble crossed over to Napoleon en masse. The next day they were joined by the 7th Infantry Regiment under its colonel, Charles de la Bédoyère, who would later be executed for treason by the Bourbons. An odd anecdote illustrates Napoleon’s charisma. When Royalist troops were dispatched to stop Napoleon at Grenoble, Napoleon stepped out in front of them, ripped open his coat and said “if any of you wishes to shoot his Emperor, here I am.” Instead of doing their duty, the men acclaimed him as his ‘grognards’ had when he had first gone to Italy.

Marshal Ney, a military commander under Louis XVIII, was heard to say that Napoleon should be brought to Paris in an iron cage, but on March 14, that same Ney rejoined his old comrade in arms with 6,000 men. Five days later, after making his way northward, promising constitutional reform and an elected assembly, Napoleon entered the capital to the acclaim of the crowds.

In the meantime, Nathan arranged to have the Coalition countries, Austria, Prussia, Russia and England, to meet in Vienna where they proceeded to declare Napoleon an outlaw and pledge 150 000 men to defeat him. Unruffled, Napoleon decided to take the offensive by going after the weakest army, that of Wellington, which had marched into Belgium. Because there were still many English troops in Canada as a result of the War of 1812, Wellington didn’t have what could be called an elite army.

The Duke of Wellington with 110,000 men, and Prussia’s Field Marshal Blucher with 120,000 men were the only two armies close enough to threaten France, and so Napoleon decided to strike before the Russians and the Austrians arrived. Moving with stunning speed, he invaded Belgium with 125,000 men in a bid to split Wellington and Blucher’s armies and defeat each separately.

Marshal Grouchy went to meet Wellington’s army while Napoleon defeated the Prussians. Then, with the Prussians on the run, Napoleon decided to personally go after Wellington to the north. Marshal Grouchy was to make sure the defeated Prussians to the east would not come back and join up with Wellington. However, it took more time than expected for Napoleon to drive through Wellington’s defenses, and mysteriously, Marshal Grouchy failed to hold back the routed Prussians. According to legend, at noon, on the 18th of June, Grouchy was having lunch with a local notable and was more interested in finishing his meal and having his strawberry desert than in heeding his officer’s insistent and repeated warnings that the Prussians were returning. When Blucher’s forces joined up with those of Wellington, Napoleon didn’t have a chance. It marked the end of the Battle of Waterloo.

Meanwhile, Nathan had put a formidable communications network in place, and on the day of the battle, he was in London waiting for the official results. Even though Nathan was financing all the armies and probably had arranged to have Marshal Grouchy betray Napoleon, he wanted to be absolutely sure before putting his devilish stock exchange plan in motion. Nathan already held a goodly amount of the 300 million pounds’ worth of Consols, the debt England had consolidated in funded government securities that were traded on the London Stock Exchange, but he wanted to own it all.

As soon as the battle outcome was confirmed by his personal couriers who had waited for the carrier pigeons to arrive, and who had then rushed to the London Stock Exchange to inform the great man, Nathan started dumping all the Consols that he owned, making sure all the traders saw what he was doing. In no time at all, convinced that Nathan knew something they didn’t, the traders started dumping their Consols until the price of Consols dropped to ten percent of their value. When Nathan gave the signal, his aides bought back all the Consols as fast as they could. When the outcome of the battle was made public a short time later, and when everybody realized it had been Wellington, and not Napoleon, who had won, the price of Consols skyrocketed past their original high, and in a single day, Nathan had taken charge of the entire English debt and thus was in total control of the Bank of England and the monetary system of Britain.

Napoleon was exiled to St. Helens, and Louis XVIII was encouraged to establish a French constitutional monarchy. But the Holy Roman empire power machine was still too powerful, and the attempt to establish a constitutional monarchy backfired when the royalists perpetrated the White Terror. Louis XVIII was then removed from power with the help of Adolphe Thiers, and Nathan made another attempt at establishing a constitutional monarchy with Charles X, but it was no better. So, again with Thiers’ help, Charles X was removed. Nathan tried again to establish an English style monarchy in 1830 with Louis-Philippe, the citizen king, but again it was unsuccessful. When Lionel, Nathan’s son, became head of the dynasty in 1836, he decided that enough was enough. Paris, the center of power, would be cleaned up and transformed into the City of Lights, and France would return to being a republic as established under Napoleon. In order to do that, he would once more use the very versatile politician, Adolphe Thiers.

Under Lionel’s direction, the first thing Thiers was asked to do was build a huge wall around Paris which he did starting in 1841. Then, in 1848, Lionel got Thiers to have the bumbling idiot, Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, elected President. In 1852, as planned, with Adolphe Thiers by his side, President Napoleon III unilaterally declared himself emperor. With Thiers’ wall finished in 1844, the construction of the City of Lights began in 1848 with the help of Baron Hausmann. In 1870, Napoleon III declared a nonsensical war on Germany, but surprisingly, it was Bismarck who attacked France and laid Paris under siege. Many of the federalists, who were supposed to be rounded up and exiled to New Caledonia, having too valiantly opposed Adolphe Thiers’ troops, were instead shot like fish in a barrel. The remaining federalists were exiled to New Caledonia, the wall came down, and in 1875, the royalists threw in the towel by agreeing to the Constitutional Laws. France was now officially a republic and was to be governed by an elected president with a 7-year mandate. The French nightmare was over, thanks to Lionel who must have been devastated by the massacre perpetrated by Adolphe Thiers. The democratic dictatorship created at that time is still in place today.

 

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s