When we became intelligent some three million years ago, we became aware of our mortality and were consequently scared out of our wits. In order to survive, we slowly changed our way of thinking, and started affirming our superiority over the other animals. This led to unrest and confusion within our specie for the longest time. Fortunately, in 325 of the Common Era (CE), a group of good men decided to create a very effective religion, one meant to control man’s behavior by instilling the fear of God in him. That religion, Christianity, invaded the infrastructure of the Western Roman Empire like a hermit crab. Once established with its network of kings, it forced all the citizens of the empire to adopt the Nicene Creed. It ruled by diplomacy and fear of God, and when that didn’t work, it used threats of excommunication, wars, crusades, and inquisitions, very unrefined methods indeed. The official religion was not only intolerant and exclusive, but was opposed to the spread of knowledge because it was created on the premise that poverty was godly, and that science was the work of the devil. Its finances were based on tithing, and deeding by those who wanted to buy their way into heaven after death. It was a haphazard but boundless source of revenue, and corruption set in. The Vatican ruled very inefficiently. Not surprisingly, along the way, it created two deadly enemies, the Jews and Huguenots (French Protestants). Those two enemies joined forces in London in 1600, but finding more tolerant political conditions in Amsterdam, they established their headquarters there in 1602. Under the guise of the East India Company, they ruled the oceans of the world for nearly a century. As soon as it became feasible, in 1688, they established their head office in the City in London where they created the first democracy.

In 1694, the East India Company created the Bank of England, a financial oligarchy that now ruled the waves out of the City in London instead of Amsterdam. The bankers were determined to turn the world into one great market economy, an English one, of course. That short-sightedness was what allowed Mayer to create the Bank of North America in 1781, and his son to take over the Bank of England in 1810. Mayer’s far-sightedness gave us international finance, a system where different market economies, or democracies, freely trade with each other. Mayer’s dynasty had the added advantage of not only speaking with one voice, but by creating the world of credit, it created a world where the humblest of men were free to prosper.

Credit is the most sophisticated and cleanest method of control, and more importantly, it’s always in great demand. The credit machine could be compared to a water pumping system where the big water reservoir is actually a hundred thousand tons of gold stockpiled in the City. From that reservoir, the gold is magically transformed into paper dollars before being sent on their way. The added magic in this operation is that no matter how many dollars are printed, the stockpile of gold never decreases, quite the opposite, it is meant to increase in size as more gold is mined and bought up. Today, the good as gold dollars, paper or electronic, soon to be replaced by virtual bitcoins, flow to the central bank of each country as well as the multiple world organizations such as the United Nations, Unesco, World Bank etc. These are connected to smaller pipelines going down to industries and individuals in the form of loans, and to the man on the street in the form of a salary. On each pipeline there is a tap that controls the output, the tap being the interest rate. If the City wants a country or a multinational to shape up, it gets Standard and Poor’s or some other mysterious entity to let the Gorgon Sisters, Reuters, AP or AFP, tell the world that their credit is no good. Then the NYSE, the first domino in a long chain of dominoes, falls in the desired direction, thus starting a chain reaction. The dominoes are the ‘suits’, politicians, traders, professors and journalists, who are never told what to do or say, but know exactly what the one who pays their salary wants, and act accordingly. No matter how many dominoes there are in a given sequence, they all fall in the direction in which the original domino fell, and if one domino does not comply, it is simply replaced or bypassed, and the chain restarted. All people who receive a salary do what is expected of them, and that includes everybody, the President on down, but no one freely admits to it, for it undermines one’s self-image.

Credit control works extremely well, but when drastic action like war is needed, the people must be made to believe that it’s necessary and to not question it. But since credit control depends on democracy, and democracy depends on the empowerment of the people, people have to be made to believe they are the ones deciding or democracy can’t work. In the good old Holy Roman Empire days, the clergy used very crude ways to impose its will, as mentioned earlier, but Mayer’s dynasty in the City has always used more sophisticated controls such as credit, free speech, job creation, and media feed in order to sway public opinion. But in dire cases, it gets America, the City’s executive arm, to arrange for a Pearl Harbor or a 9/11 in order to sway public opinion.

But first the people must be empowered, and that comes about largely with the creation of jobs. When war is being planned, huge sums of credit are injected to fuel the arms industry, creating a lot of employment and making a lot of people rich in the process. But swaying public opinion is trickier. The process begins with the Gorgon Sisters feeding the media, ‘the voice of the people’, and manipulating free speech. Those who speak for the war are good patriots and good leaders while those who oppose the war and question the facts leading up to it are quickly branded conspirators, or even traitors. The Gorgon sisters freely let conspiracy theories flow into the media because they can easily counter them by having a number of respected ‘suits’ defend the City’s point of view that has become that of their government. People eventually become blasé to conspiracy, to the point where every time they hear the word they switch off. Honest citizens don’t listen to those nuts, and when it comes to the crunch, they trust their elected leaders and their media, regardless how nutty they are.

In 1913, after the Federal Reserve Act was signed into law, Hollywood started sending pictures depicting the greatness of democracy around the world. The dollar was becoming as good as gold, and the image was becoming the message. On the one hand, Mayer’s dynasty controlled the dollar and the many currencies tied to it, and therefore unofficially ruled the financial world, and on the other, the ‘land of the free’, or the ‘land of opportunity’, became everyone’s ideal on both sides of the Atlantic and beyond. Every able bodied person wanted to come to America or be like Americans. Those two developments opened wide the door to globalization.

Today, Marshall McLuhan’s maxims, ‘the image is the message’, and ‘the global village’ have become meaningful metaphors. Hollywood followed by TV, the internet, and the smartphone gave us an image oriented society and virtually empowered us. But as incomes grew, people had more leisure time on their hands, and that meant the Gorgon Sisters had to play an ever-greater role in filling the airwaves. Politics, religion, sports, and media junk food, be it information or misinformation, kept everybody focused.

However, the citizen needing ever more direction, the old overpowering control, the one based on the fear of God and the threat of damnation no longer sufficing, a new concept was introduced.. Since humans are genetically conditioned to live with fear, it is very easy to condition them to forever expect dread, as long as they are convinced that their leaders will save them if and when disaster strikes. In fact, it is a simple control, very much like a riding crop used to make horses do what they are meant to do. A horse would not be worth his salt if it didn’t do what its owner wanted it to do, so, once broken in, the crop is used to remind it of a looming threat. A good owner never hits the horse with the crop, but simply makes sure the horse is aware of it. In a democracy, people may have the illusion of being free and empowered, but they react to credit and media just like the horse to the crop. Instilling fear into a population must go hand in hand with the assurance that it is protected. People may complain, and that is useful in keeping their minds busy, but they must above all trust the one who brandishes the crop, or it doesn’t work.

Fear comes with names like Hitler, Khomeini and Bin Laden, and words like anarchists, Marxists, communists, fascists, terrorists, ISIS, Al Qaeda and Dahesh, Stalin and Putin, names and words that were and are repeated in the media thousands of times each day throughout the world. From atop his elevator shoes, the leader of North Korea threatens to blow up the whole world, and we tremble. And though the five permanent Security Council members, America, Russia, England, France and China have never fired a shot at each other, we continue fearing Russia to this day. The banking dynasty in the City created the Permanent Security Council and controls all the central banks of the world, yet we still fear being annihilated by an atomic bomb coming from Russia, and even North Korea, as ludicrous as that is. The Gorgon Sisters know how and when to brandish the crop, and by sending images of terrorist attacks, along with ridiculous military parades and the lighting of wet firecrackers out of North Korea, they make us tremble, just like they did with Russia a few years prior. As more and more people walk around glued to their phones, we could say that they are hardwired to the Gorgon Sisters who constantly spew out the marching jingles.

Two great examples of the way the crop is used have to do with airport security checks and the climate change debate. Anybody who has a million dollars can hijack or blow up a plane anytime, anywhere in the world, and any professional killer can use a plastic card in his wallet, or the plastic food utensils on board, to kill or threaten to kill anybody at will. As for security checks per se, if people are asked to remove their belts and shoes, it is simply a symbolic way to make the middle class of the world, the flying population, symbolically drop their pants and walk bare-footed, for it serves absolutely no other purpose. The only valid control at the airport is the metal detector that’s meant to stop the ordinary crazies who may be tempted to carry a knife or a gun on board. As for climate change, it is a reality, but not for the reasons the Gorgon Sisters give. The reality is that we’re on the warming leg of a glacial cycle, and that the production of CO2 is irrelevant. But, like with the horse, we put all our trust in the crop holder, and the more the crop is brandished, the more we walk the line.




In 1768, Haym Salomon, Mayer’s right hand man in America, with the help of another great collaborator, Robert Morris, took charge of the French gold given as an aid package to America and used it to create the Bank of North America in 1781. That sealed the destiny of America, and what a great one it turned out to be.

In 1791, the official and officious stockholders met in Philadelphia to choose board members and decide on rules and regulations for the 1st Bank of the United States. While the Bank was to be headquartered in Philadelphia, it created eight branches, four in Baltimore, Boston, Charleston, and New York in 1792, and four more in Norfolk (1800), Washington (1802), Savannah (1802) and New Orleans (1805).

Its largest customer was the government, and one of the highlights of that relationship was the Bank’s efficient managing of the government’s fiscal affairs with respect to the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. The bank’s notes circulated countrywide and infused a safe medium of paper money into the economy for business transactions. Although the relationship between Mayer’s bank and the government wouldn’t always be a smooth one, due to those who didn’t want a strong Federal Government and who thought bankers were crooks, it would remain steadfast, today’s Federal Reserve Bank being the ultimate proof.

Nonetheless, in 1811, American politicians who opposed Mayer’s bank refused to renew the charter of the 1st Bank of the United States. In retaliation, Nathan, who had by now taken control of the Bank of England in the City, proceeded to ‘teach the impudent Americans a lesson’ by forcing them, in 1812, to wage a costly war. Shortly after the British troops burned down the President’s Residence in 1815, Congress signed a 20-year charter for the 2nd Bank of the United States in 1816, and the latter immediately proceeded to open 26 branches across the country.

Augusta, Georgia (1817, closed 1817) – Baltimore, Maryland (1817)

Boston, Massachusetts (1817) – Charleston, South Carolina (1817)

Chillicothe, Ohio (1817) – Cincinnati, Ohio (1817)

Fayetteville, North Carolina (1817) – Lexington, Kentucky (1817)

Louisville, Kentucky (1817) – Middletown, Connecticut (1817)

New Orleans, Louisiana (1817) – New York City (1817)

Norfolk, Virginia (1817) – Portsmouth, New Hampshire (1817)

Providence, Rhode Island (1817) – Richmond, Virginia (1817)

Savannah, Georgia (1817) – Washington, D.C. (1817)

Mobile, Alabama (1826) – Nashville, Tennessee (1827)

Portland, Maine (1828) – Buffalo, New York (1829)

St. Louis, Missouri (1829) – Burlington, Vermont (1830)

Utica, New York (1830) – Natchez, Mississippi (1830)

In 1836, members of Congress again refused to renew the bank’s charter, but by this time it didn’t matter. Though the 2nd Bank of the United States was no longer the official national bank, its branches were still very much operational while everyone fought for wealth and position in the new states being created. All the shinplaster money issued by the state banks didn’t in the least affect the banks that constituted the backbone of American finance, the ex-2nd Bank branches. The ex-2nd Bank continued to work as a unit using the dollar that continued to be fixed to the price of gold in the City. It was a standard that the country could depend on, and all the funny money printing state banks had no choice but to stay within range of that standard. So, industrial America developed by leaps and bounds in spite of the Wildcat Banking years.

In the 1860’s, coast to coast railway travel was no longer just a dream, and it was time to bring the South into the Manifest Destiny project, for it had remained completely out of sync with the rest of the country. That’s when huge amounts of credit started coming into the country from the City and its affiliates in Holland and Germany. The cotton economy was on the wane, and the political and financial pressures on the south were great. Pushed to the wall, the South’s only option was to secede, which it did, but the war that ensued completely destroyed it. Thereafter, the carpetbaggers loaded with cash revamped the south, railroads were built in a frenzy from coast to coast, and Congress, tired of financial bedlam, signed the National Bank Act in 1863. During the war, Congress had had no choice but to seek loans from the well-established national banking network, and at the first opportunity, it re-instated the dollar as the national currency. The Bank of North America, a voluntary misnomer on my part, and the Bank of England have been welded together since 1810, and although businessmen and politicians still don’t face up to the reality of international financial control by the City, and though they distrust bankers, they just know it is the most reliable and sound financial arrangement possible.

In 1913, the Federal Reserve Bank was created by Congress. Its shareholders were the Rothschild Bank in the City, in London, the Lazard Brothers Bank of Paris, the Israel Moses Seif Bank in Italy, the Warburg Bank of Hamburg and Amsterdam, the Lehman Brothers of NY, the Kuhn, Loeb Bank of NY, the Goldman, Sachs of NY, the National Bank of Commerce /Morgan Guaranty Trust of NY, the William and David Rockefeller & Chase National Bank of NY. All these banks were privately owned and backed by the huge quantities of gold bullion accumulated in the vaults the City. There were symbolic amounts of gold in Fort Knox, but the FED has always answered to the price of gold as set by the Rothschild Bank in the City, in London, where more gold was stockpiled than in all the central banks of the world combined.

Democracy is a system whereby elected representatives of the people borrow from the private central bank of their country in order to get things done before taxes are collected. The system has worked flawlessly since 1694, giving mankind order and prosperity in the process. However, we should be especially grateful to Mayer who created the Bank of North America in 1781, an institution that would allow his dynasty to create the world of credit as we know it today. Mayer did it by accumulating gold bullion in great quantity and in complete anonymity, and then putting it to good use by just letting it sit in a neat static pile for all time.



The story of the City in London is all about gold. Mayer was the founder of international banking because he was the first banker to use gold as it was meant to be used. According to him, gold was not meant to be spent, it was meant to be mined, purchased, and then stockpiled in a secure location for all time. The one who had the gold necessarily controlled the monetary systems. Mayer created the Bank of North America in 1781, thanks to the 500 metric tons of French gold made possible by Benjamin Franklin’s intervention in France. After Mayer’s real estate scam in France in 1789, another 5000 tons of French gold was funnelled to the City. In 1810, his son had the wherewithal to set the daily price of gold worldwide from his offices in the City. Nathan had perhaps as much as 7000 metric tons of gold under his control, close to half the gold ever produced at that time. He held most of England’s debt, and was in charge of the English and American monetary systems.

In 1812, Nathan sent Napoleon to Russia in order to force the Tsar to let private interests mine for gold in the Urals, which was a determining moment in our history. Thanks to the French engineers from l’École des Mines de Paris, placer deposit gold mining techniques had been refined and newly mined gold started being stockpiled in the City.

Mayer built his dynasty on gold, and his dynasty wasn’t about to change course. When hard rock mining was made possible in the 1880’s, gold production skyrocketed. Paper money went to the miner, and gold went to the City. As gold was stockpiled in the City, the paper it backed, whether in America or England, became as good as gold. There have never been losers, for the miners get paid the world price set in the City, and Mayer’s dynasty stockpiles the gold and creates more credit.

The total production of gold to date is estimated at around 200000 metric tons. The gold used in jewellery, industry, and dentistry, combined with the token amounts of gold on display in the various Central Banks of Germany, Italy, France, USA, China, Russia etc., probably accounts for around 75000 metric tons. When all is said and done, most gold is held in the form of ETF’s, Exchange-Traded Funds, and though it is impossible to know, there’s at least 100000 metric tons of gold bullion unaccounted for and stockpiled in the City and its satellites.

The Boer Wars are forgotten wars, but if one analyzes and correlates the dates and circumstances surrounding the discovery of gold and diamonds in South Africa and the wars that were fought in that country, it becomes clear that they were all about controlling the production of those two precious commodities. In 1879, the British had managed to put an end to the Zulu military might, and in 1880, had declared the South African Republic to be an English possession. But in 1881, the Boers, mainly Dutch white settlers, badly defeated the British troops and sent them home. In 1899, this time, with the help of several Commonwealth countries, Britain came back to fight the Boers, and after heavy casualties on all sides, Commonwealth, African and Boer, the British finally prevailed in 1902. The British unilaterally changed the name of South African Republic to Union of South Africa in 1909, while declaring it to be a dominion of the British Empire. Since then, South Africa has produced a disproportionate percentage of the world’s gold, along with most of its diamonds, and continues to do so.



In France, in 1804, when the Civil Code was rammed through, non-elected Prefects answered directly to the central authority in Paris and ran their departments with the help of the dreaded Fouché police. After Napoleon was sent to St. Helens, Nathan in the City had taken a wait and see attitude in order to determine whether or not a constitutional monarchy was possible for France. Louis XVIII had a go at it, followed by Charles X and Louis-Philippe d’Orléans. Those three monarchies created a lot of turmoil, especially the one headed by Louis-Philippe. When Nathan died in 1836, France was still being plagued by insurrections, and his son Lionel decided to put the French constitutional monarchy matter to rest. Putting a stop to so much unrest in a country Mayer’s family loved, and to which his dynasty was so beholding, was the only decent thing to do. Lionel decided to turn Paris into the City of Lights, and give France stability by enshrining the centralist state put in place by Napoleon.

The 500 tons of gold sent as an aid package to America in 1768 had been used by Mayer to open the Bank of North America, and the roughly 5000 tons of French gold generated by the real estate scam in 1789 and stored in the Goldsmid Bros. vaults in the City, had been used by Nathan to take over the Bank of England. Lionel, as head of the family dynasty, controlled the monetary systems of America, England and most of Europe, and he personally wanted to do something for France. This country had given a lot to his family and the world, and yet had been devastated just because it happened to be the cornerstone of the Holy Roman Empire. Things had to be put right.

Adolphe Thiers was an active French political figure from 1825 to 1875, and no doubt worked for the City from the very beginning. After helping to bring down Charles X in 1830, he supported the Orléanist Louis-Philippe and had him elected with Lafayette’s help. The third attempt at Constitutional Monarchy failed miserably, and seeing the insurrections continue, Lionel decided that enough was enough. In 1840, he had Thiers build his infamous wall, and in 1848, he had him support Louis-Napoleon, a Bonapartist, who was easily elected with the help of Victor Hugo.

As of 1840, mindboggling amounts of credit were made available to Thiers to get a wall built around Paris. In 1844, Adolphe Thiers and Baron Haussmann, the Paris Prefect, started levelling whole sections of the city to make wide avenues that would, among other things, facilitate the movement of troops within the city. It included the demolition of crowded and unhealthy medieval neighborhoods, the building of wide avenues, parks and squares, the annexation of the suburbs surrounding Paris, the construction of new sewers, fountains and aqueducts, and row upon row of the most beautifully designed residential buildings in the world. Since gas used for street lighting was now accessible throughout the city, Paris became known as the City of Lights. One could ask, however, why they had surrounded Paris with an impregnable thirty-three-kilometer wall bordered by a 250 meter strip of no-man’s land defended by sixteen fort cities that were part of that wall?

It obviously meant there was a bigger Machiavellian plan. In fact, as beautiful as Paris had become, the fortifications had turned Paris into a fishbowl that was meant to contain the Fédérés. When the time came, they would round up the Fédérés and their families and send them into exile to New Caledonia, thereby removing a major political obstructionist force. Although the Fédérés were true democrats like none before or since, and as appealing as democracy is in theory, pure is not possible. Human nature simply won’t allow it. The only type of democracy possible is one where the monetary system is run by the City.

If France was to be stabilized, the Royalists, the Fédérés and the Republicans had to be dealt with and put under one administrative roof. The period from 1789 to 1840 had proven that the three groups would never achieve this on their own. The only solution was to enforce the centralist state concept that Napoleon had obligingly put in place in 1804, and have the population elect a new president in rotating fashion for a determined period.

So, when the City of Lights was more or less completed in 1870, it was time to get rid of the Fédérés. Louis-Napoleon made the most stupid decision imaginable by declaring war on Prussia over an insignificant diplomatic incident. Even more bizarre, he wasn’t the one who attacked Bismarck, it was Bismarck who attacked him. After the preordained defeat, Louis-Napoleon fled the country, and Thiers, the self-proclaimed head of government, transferred his whole administration to Versailles, and surprisingly came up with the colossal sum of money needed to buy back the 100,000 French prisoners from Bismarck. Surprisingly, it wasn’t Bismarck who marched on Paris, it was Thiers with the recently purchased prisoners. The idea was to surround and imprison the Fédérés before sending them off into exile, but things didn’t work out as planned. The Commune put up too strong a resistance, and Thiers felt the need to commit the worst atrocities. Tens of thousands of Fédérés, including women and children, were executed, while perhaps twice as many were imprisoned under atrocious conditions and died. Thiers did succeed in exiling thousands of Fédérés to New Caledonia, and although it marked the end of the Fédérés, the Paris Commune remains one of the worst blood baths in history.

On January 3rd, 1875, Henri Wallon tabled an amendment proposing that the President of the Republic be elected by an absolute majority in both the Senate and the House of Representatives for a renewable seven-year period. It became known as the Constitutional Laws of 1875 which officially turned France into a centralist state. Thiers, who had been chosen as the 1st President, conveniently resigned, and Patrice MacMahon, a catholic aristocrat who was neither monarchist nor republican, was elected to succeed him. The wall that had cost countless billions to build was torn down, and the Stockholm syndrome kicked in. The French have since put their trust in one man, their President. They trust l’État more than they do their fellow citizens, and not surprisingly, the people’s Assembly is full of duly-elected mayors and regional presidents, all bona fide civil servants who answer to their Prefect, who in turn answers directly to the President. They elect a president, a “father knows best” figure, and he somehow becomes l’État.



The East India Company established company rule in India in 1757, and it lasted till 1858. In 1857, after a major rebellion in which over 100 000 Indians were killed, Lionel, Mayer’s grandson, decided to dissolve the East India Company and put an end to the Maharajahs’ power by establishing the British Raj or Crown rule which lasted till 1947.

In 1930, Mohandas Ghandi led a revolt that galvanized the country, but it was short-lived. Nevertheless, after many subsequent years of haggling in the halls of power, both in India and London, it was agreed, in 1947, that two republics should be created, that of Pakistan (mainly Muslim) and that of India (mainly Hindu). That agreement later caused more religious tensions and more bloodshed, but nonetheless, there was an Indian general election in 1951. The Indian National Congress won a landslide victory, at which time Jawaharlal Nehru became the first democratically elected Prime Minister of the country. Religious tension remained high, but politically, India and Pakistan were working democracies and would never look back.

China, on the other hand, was a much more complicated matter. It was the biggest, most populated country in the world, had no permanent borders, no army, no national identity, no national pride, no economy to speak of, and was ruled by warlords. So, in 1947, with India on the verge of becoming a democracy and Europe on the verge of signing the Treaty of Rome, it was time to transform China into the world’s second largest market economy.

It was Lionel who had started the process way back in 1853 when he decided to use Japan, a country that was totally isolated from the west, to do his bidding. That year, American Commodore Matthew Perry sailed into Edo (Tokyo) Bay with four battleships, two of which were powered by steam. The Japanese marveled at this awesome technology that was totally unknown to them. However, their admiration would have been tempered if they had known that this impromptu visit was meant to usher in the end of an era, the Tokugawa shogunate.

In 1854, the Convention of Kanagawa was signed forcing the Japanese to open their ports and trade with the U.S. In 1868, the City financed the Meiji restoration, a political movement that gave Japan a constitutional monarchy, which meant that the City now controlled its monetary system and could allow credit to flow in. The Meiji restoration ushered in modernization and westernization, and as expected, the Japanese played the game of fukoku kyokei, a game that turned their country into a rich and aggressive military power. Japan’s power grew, and the proud Samurais, not satisfied with their colonial status, developed a warring culture that would spread beyond its borders.

However, Japan had no raw materials to speak of and was dependent on the US for oil, rubber, and iron. In other words, because it was vulnerable, it could easily be controlled. Japan was encouraged to expand and become the most important military and economic power in Asia. It grabbed Manchuria, Taiwan, and parts of Northern China in 1894, defeated Russia in 1904, and took possession of Korea in 1910. By 1929, it was an empire, and its expansionism knew no bounds. When Emperor Hirohito defied America by refusing to retreat from China, the US turned a blind eye and didn’t retaliate. Instead, the US slowed down the flow of raw materials for the world to see, but not enough to stop Showa expansionism. Japan had a job to do, and that was to clean up the warlords in China.

WWII was the time chosen to destroy the Japanese empire that had by then finished its work in China. The City then proceeded to the next step, which was securing China’s borders. China had Russia and Mongolia to the north, the Himalayas to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east, but the South China Sea border had a few leaks. After the war, England returned to Hong Kong, Chiang Kai-shek took charge of Taiwan in 1949, and in 1950, after a longer than expected war, North Korea became a buffer zone between China and Japan. After the Indochina war that led to the creation of a nationalist Vietnamese government in 1975, the southern Chinese border was sealed. However, for good measure, in the 1970’s, the City allowed both Pakistan and India to develop the nuclear bomb. China was now effectively contained, and the process of unification could continue.

As early as 1934, the City had found the man who would help get the job done. Mao Tse-Tung had caught the City’s attention when he was elected Chairman of the Soviet Republic of China, which, at the time, consisted only of a small communist controlled mountainous area in Jangxi province. The City started financing Mao after his famous Long March in 1935 when he evaded the Nationalist troops at the head of some eight thousand men, becoming a Chinese hero in the process. With the City’s help, Mao Tse-tung went on to fight Chiang Kai-shek’s Nationalists, and in 1949, the Nationalists were forced to retreat to Taiwan, and Mao became President of the People’s Republic of China. From 1949 to 1958, Mao organized the peasants into collectives. He followed that up with his disastrous Great Leap Forward in 1958, when at least twenty million Chinese peasants starved to death. It was only after the purges of the Cultural Revolution, when the Red Guards went through China with a fine-tooth comb waving the Little Red Book and forcing everybody to follow the party line that the country started responding to one authority, Mao’s Communist Party. It was time to turn it into a market economy.

The City was so confident that China would turn out the way it did, that immediately after WWII, in 1945, it gave China a permanent seat in the UN Security Council along with France, Russia, U.S.A., and the UK. In 1964, it allowed it to join the nuclear club, and in 1980 it opened the first of several Special Economic Zones in Shanghai.



Once the borders of America became permanent, there was still a lot of work to do. The southern agricultural economy was out of sync with the rest of the country, and while the City wanted it to join the vibrant market economy of the northern states, the south was talking secession. Geopolitically, there was no question of letting it secede, not to mention the fact that it had huge oil reserves. Industry needed oil and the City wasn’t about to let a few country gentlemen destroy its masterpiece, America. The South’s old structures had to be destroyed, but the problem was how to start the civil war. The south was not about to attack the north, for it didn’t have the means and didn’t have to. All it had to do was stay put and secede. So, if something was to be done, it was up to the North. As it so happened, slavery was a hot issue in the north, and the City backed the candidacy of Abraham Lincoln, a staunch advocate for National Union and racial equality. It was rather easy to get the northerners worked up over the issue of slavery, and they declared war the minute the south seceded from the Union. Slavery was the pretext, not the real issue, and that’s why when Abraham Lincoln declared war on the south in 1861, he clearly stated that it was to preserve the Union. That was the truth, and it was precisely what the City wanted.

At first, it seemed that Abraham Lincoln was doing the City’s bidding, and, presuming he was assassinated for political reasons, we could ask ourselves why the City bankers wanted to get rid of him, if such was the case. Some say it was because, in 1862, in wanting to pay for the war, Lincoln had Congress pass the Legal Tender Act, thus giving Congress the right to print interest-free money. However, because the greenback had so little success, it was likely not the real reason. We don’t know whether the City printed counterfeit greenbacks in order to flood the market, or whether it directed its ‘defunct’ 1st Bank of the United States not to accept them, but the end result was that the greenback was not well accepted and quickly depreciated. In 1863, Lincoln had had no choice but to reverse his position and sign the National Bank Act. Even though the greenbacks remained legal tender, the law re-established the status of the dollar, thus voiding the Legal Tender Act. So why, if such was the case, have Lincoln assassinated when the interest-free money problem no longer existed?

A plausible explanation for his assassination would be to say that Lincoln was just too nice a guy. We can be sure that the City had wanted to replace the archaic social structures of the Old South after the war, for that had been the whole purpose of the war. But because Lincoln wanted to let the southerners rebuild their lives as they saw fit, and since his only requirement was to have the southerners swear allegiance to the Union, he had to be stopped. The domino theory, where the establishment players do what they’re paid to do, played out, and someone, who wanted to do what was best for America, proceeded to do just that. After winning the 1864 election by a landslide, Lincoln was assassinated on April 14th, 1865. The carpetbaggers, most of them lawyers and businessmen loaded with cash, were immediately unleashed, taking the South by storm. They purchased the abandoned lands, opened businesses and banks, constructed railroads, and last but not least, started running the local governments. America was now officially the United States of America.



Establishing the US-Mexican border was accomplished in two stages. The first stage was when the City helped the Mexicans achieve their independence from Spain in 1821 by having the Americans and English give them a helping hand. The Mexican-American War of 1846 was the second stage. That’s when Lionel, Head of Mayer’s dynasty in the City, decided to get the US Congress to send an expedition of US troops to Mexico. It was a simple plan. Congress would send US troops to occupy Mexico City in order to force Mexico to relinquish its claims with regards to Texas and other parts of the south. The troops would remain there until the Mexicans cried uncle and signed the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.

The treaty called for the U.S. to pay $15 million to Mexico and to pay off the claims of American citizens against Mexico up to $3.25 million. It gave the United States the Rio Grande as a boundary for Texas, and gave the U.S. ownership of California and a large area comprising roughly half of New Mexico, most of Arizona, Nevada, and Utah, and parts of Wyoming and Colorado. Mexicans in those annexed areas were ordered to be removed from their homeland unless they declared loyalty to the US government. Over 90% chose to pledge loyalty in exchange for not losing their homes.

The border keeping the French Catholics, the English Loyalists, and the many disgruntled natives north of the 49th parallel, was defined by the Oregon Treaty of 1846. After drawing a straight line along the 49th parallel in the north, and another along the Rio Grande extending to the Pacific Ocean in the south, the Manifest Destiny concept had become a reality. America was now a predominantly white, English-speaking and Protestant country from coast to coast, with Canada to the north and Mexico to the south. Getting the Spanish speaking population on American soil to choose US citizenship instead of being sent south of the border and losing their property was a no-brainer,  and as for the recalcitrant natives they were forcefully relocated on reserves.

In America, the first locomotive was built in 1830, but transportation remained limited to steam boats, canals, rudimentary roads and short rail systems east of the Mississippi. The Oregon Trail had become a very primitive way to go west after the Louisiana Purchase, but that didn’t favor California. Now that the Spanish-Mexicans were gone, Lionel in the City found the ideal way to populate California with ‘Americans’. He had been waiting for this moment to start a gold rush. He had known there was gold in California, and since the telegraph had been clicking away throughout America and Europe since 1844, it was just a matter of letting everybody know there was a lot of gold waiting to be picked up off the ground in California. Some 300 000 individuals moved in, easily displacing, when not massacring, the native populations, and overwhelming the Spanish speaking population. California went straight into statehood. As a bonus, close to 4000t of gold was produced, bought up, and stockpiled in the City’s vaults.